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Suggested Citation:"EDUCATION AND TRAINING." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
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Page 249

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FEDERAL ACTION TO IMPROVE IMPLEMENTATION OF ANNEX V 249 als Management Service (MMS), and state marine police. The committee therefore recommends The Coast Guard, together with the Department of State and Department of Justice, should continue to enforce Annex V aggressively against foreign-flag violators, consistent with the nation's International obligations, and should work through IMO to resolve ambiguities concerning the extent of port state authority in this regard. The requirement for garbage logs should be extended to foreign-flag vessels. The Coast Guard also should adopt a policy of issuing tickets in civil cases pilot projects show this streamlined enforcement approach to be successful. In addition, the Coast Guard should request the assistance of the NMFS, MMS, and state marine police in reporting Annex V violations. Finally, the agency should pursue vigorously its campaign to encourage public reports of violations. The Coast Guard and APHIS should collaborate to develop, maintain, and use for enforcement purposes an Annex V record-keeping system incorporating information from vessel boardings, garbage logs, enforcement reports, and, if a receipt system is instituted, port receipts for offloaded garbage. The Coast Guard should issue a periodic report listing Annex V enforcement actions and the assistance provided by other federal agencies and marine police units in the states. Analyses of data from the Coast Guard/ APHIS record-keeping system should be included. Such reports would allow the Congress to evaluate the adequacy of appropriations for Annex V implementation projects and enforcement. EDUCATION AND TRAINING Education and training efforts targeting all levels of seafaring and management personnel as well as the general public are critical in establishing a sense of personal responsibility on the part of individuals and a high level of voluntary Annex V compliance. Therefore, the committee concludes that a sustained national program of Annex V education and training is needed that reaches all levels of all maritime sectors as well as non-traditional target groups, Such as the packaging industry and government officials, and provides for information exchange, both domestically and internationally. The program must include research, to develop a solid base of knowledge concerning how to package the message; execution, to carry the message to all levels of personnel and management in all sectors; and evalu-

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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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