National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Recreational Boats and Their Marinas." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 225

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NATIONAL STRATEGY 225 ception facilities "whenever practicable." Furthermore, federal law supports the concept of zero discharge. (The Federal Water Pollution Control Act, Title I, Section 101 (1), states that "it is the national goal that the discharge of pollutants into the navigable waters be eliminated . . .") Following are the strategic objectives and tactics identified for each maritime sector. The order of presentation reflects only the sequence in which sectors and topics were introduced in the preceding chapters. STRATEGY FOR EACH MARITIME SECTOR Recreational Boats and Their Marinas Objective: Achieve zero-discharge capability Because recreational boaters generally remain within 12 nautical miles of shore, they usually are prohibited from discharging any garbage overboard (unless the vessel is equipped with a comminuter). This situation, combined with the fact that most boaters take day trips, makes zero-discharge capability an objective for this sector. It should be fairly easy to store all garbage on board for disposal ashore. Even so, innovative measures may be needed to attain this objective, because boats tend to be small (with little storage space) and many boaters are unaccustomed to planning for proper garbage handling. An obvious tactic for boaters would be to reduce use of disposable materials. In addition, Convenient garbage storage bins should be incorporated into the design of new boats, and small commercial trash compactors should be installed on boats capable of extended voyages. Objective: Assure adequacy of port reception facilities Although reception facilities at marinas generally are not deficient, recreational boats may come ashore at a variety of simple docks and ramps. While small landing areas are not required by the Coast Guard to have reception facilities, it is important to assure that waste receptacles are available and easily accessible. "Clean marina" programs should be established by state licensing OBJECTIVES FOR RECREATIONAL BOATING SECTOR • Achieve zero-discharge capability • Assure adequacy of port reception facilities • Assure that boaters are provided with appropriate Annex V information and education

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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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