National Academies Press: OpenBook

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea (1995)

Chapter: APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 257
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 258
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 259
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 260
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 261
Suggested Citation:"APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 262

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APPENDIX A 257 APPENDIX A Committee on Shipborne Wastes Biographical Information William R. Murden, Jr. (NAE), Chairman, is a principal of Murden Ma- fine, Inc. a consulting engineering firm he established. He is nationally and internationally recognized as an authority on marine port issues. Mr. Murden built his technical career within the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, eventually becoming chief of the Dredging Division of the Office of Chief of Engineers. In that position, he was responsible for managing all aspects of the $400 million U.S. dredging program and for the design and construction of the dredges, derrick boats, towboats, and other small craft in the Corps' floating plant. He has written numerous technical papers on dredging technology and marine engineering. He is a former member of the Marine Board (1988 to 1991). Mr. Murden attended the Citadel but interrupted his studies to serve as a command pilot during World War II. He later earned a B.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Elizabethtown College and an M.B.A. from Heed University in Florida. Anthony Frank Amos is a research associate at the University of Texas Marine Science Institute in Port Aransas. In that position, he has gained considerable experience with oceanographic expeditions in remote locations, including the Antarctic. Mr. Amos is known widely for having introduced scientific rigor to the study of beach litter along the Gulf of Mexico coastline. Long before marine debris was a popular concern and the focus of regulations, he conducted surveys of litter on Texas beaches, developing a methodology to quantify and categorize the phenomenon and note its harmful effects. His work has provided the most complete long-term data and scientific observations available on marine debris and has formed the basis for identification of pollutant sources and remedies. Mr.

APPENDIX A 258 Amos also has become a prominent advocate for change in laws and attitudes to eliminate marine debris at its sources. His awards include the Texas Marine Educator's Association Award in 1989. Mr. Amos is the author of more than 50 scientific documents and writes a weekly ''Island Observer'' column for his local newspaper. A British citizen, he is a permanent resident of the United States. He was educated at the Glyn School in Surrey, U.K. Anne D. Aylward is a member of the Marine Board. She served as executive director of the National Commission on Intermodal Transportation and was formerly the maritime director of the Massachusetts Port Authority, where she was responsible for the development, marketing, and operation of the Port of Boston. She has served as chairman of the North Atlantic Port Conference, vice chairman of the Boston Harbor Association, a member of the Board of Governors for the Boston Shipping Association, and past chairman of the Board and U.S. Delegation for the American Association of Port Authorities. She is a member of the Executive Committee of the Marine Board and a member of the Women's Transportation Seminar, Boston Chapter. Ms. Aylward received her A.B. degree from Radcliffe College and her M.A. in City Planning from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. James Ellis is vice president of the Boat Owners Association of the United States (BOAT/U.S.), an association with more than 400,000 dues-paying members. He is the executive director of the BOAT/U.S. Foundation for Boating Safety and in 1989-1990 served as president of the National Safe Boating Council. In the latter position, he directed the council's activities, including the National Safe Boating Week Campaign (an outreach program that delivers safety information to more than 20,000 boating clubs). Mr. Ellis is an accomplished sailor who has directed an offshore sailing school for 2,000 students and has raced nationally and internationally for most of his adult life. He owns four recreational vessels. He received a 1991 Rolex Navigators Award and is a national honorary member of the U.S. Power Squadron. Edward D. Goldberg (NAS) is an eminent professor of chemistry at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography in La Jolla, California. He has written widely on subjects central to the understanding of the well-being of the oceans; his scholarly publications have addressed marine pollution, the composition of sea water, sediments and marine organisms, and environmental management. He directed the 1975 NAS study Assessing Potential Ocean Pollutants, which prepared a widely cited estimate of garbage pollution in the ocean. His oceanographic work has been recognized through numerous awards and fellowships, including a Guggenheim Fellowship in Berne, Switzerland and a NATO Fellowship in Brussels, Belgium. Dr. Goldberg earned his Ph.D. at the University of Chicago.

APPENDIX A 259 William G. Gordon is a fisheries expert, recently retired from the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium, where he served for four years as vice president for programs and Sea Grant director. From 1981 to 1986 he headed the National Marine Fisheries Service, where he was responsible for managing national fisheries programs and coordinating these activities with other federal agencies and foreign governments. In that role, Mr. Gordon was recognized for his effectiveness in representing the interests of fisheries and fishermen while negotiating numerous international fisheries agreements. Prior to serving as director he held numerous positions in which he directed efforts to strengthen research capabilities, develop new fisheries, encourage international programs, and manage fisheries, including recreational fisheries. In 1989, Mr. Gordon served as chairman of the technology working group at the International Marine Debris Symposium and presented a report on technical trials of thermal reprocessing of fishing net materials. He served as vice chairman of the Marine Board's 1990-1991 study on fishing vessel safety. Mr. Gordon earned an M.S. in Fisheries at the University of Michigan, where he also pursued post-graduate studies. Michael P. Huerta (resigned) is the executive director of the Port of San Francisco, which encompasses diverse facilities ranging from heavy industrial cargo operations to recreational waterfronts, including Fisherman's Wharf. His professional accomplishments emphasize economic development, trade expansion, and development of organizational capabilities to create the infrastructure needed to support economic development. Mr. Huerta previously worked as the commissioner of the City of New York Department of Ports, International Trade and Commerce, where he was responsible for administering 578 miles of waterfront operations, including construction. In addition, he worked through the Agency for International Development to encourage employment and investment in the eastern Caribbean nation of St. Christopher (St. Kitts) and Nevis. Mr. Huerta earned his M.P.A. in International Relations and Policy Analysis from the Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University. Shirley Laska is vice chancellor for research and professor of sociology at the University of New Orleans. She is the founder and former director of the Environmental Social Science Research Institute. Her research focuses on how communities are affected by both natural disasters and human interventions in the environment. She recently has studied the impacts of offshore oil and gas extraction on coastal communities, management of coastal wetlands, and environmental attitudes of coastal users, including attitudes toward marine debris and beach litter. She is the author of 27 publications, including recent works on environmental controversies surrounding the use of solid waste incinerators and the risk communication content of print and broadcast reports of a natural hazard. Dr. Laska earned a Ph.D. in Sociology from Tulane University.

APPENDIX A 260 Stephen A. Nielsen is vice president, Marine Operations, for Princess Cruises. He has extensive experience managing the spectrum of cruise ship operations: itinerary planning; logistics and shore tours; passenger services; security; and diverse tourism, hospitality, and protocol arrangements. He has served as a consultant to a number of ports during the remodeling or construction of cruise ship terminals and located and planned the development of Princess Cruises' two private islands in the Caribbean. He was a founder and remains a senior officer of L.A. Cruise ship Terminals, Inc., a consortium of seven cruise companies formed to work with the Port of Los Angeles in the design, construction, and operation of the port's World Cruise Center. In addition to his personal expertise, Mr. Nielsen is able to call upon the extensive marine experience and resources of Princess Cruises' parent company, the Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co., including its U.K.-based technical consultancy, which has conducted shipboard garbage studies and designed new equipment for the fleet's use. Mr. Nielsen is a former member of the International Committee of Passenger Lines' subcommittee on the U.S. Public Health Service Vessel Sanitation Inspection Program and a current member of the Florida Caribbean Cruise Association and the Northwest Cruise Ship Association. Kathryn J. O'Hara is director of the Pollution Prevention Program at the Center for Marine Conservation (CMC), which is recognized as the lead membership-based environmental organization in the drive to reduce marine debris and the environmental harm which it causes. Her work focuses on education and government, industry, and citizen cooperation. Educational materials developed by CMC aim to increase public awareness and inform seafaring communities and related industries of means to reduce sources of marine debris. Ms. O'Hara directs the center's International Coastal Cleanup Program, an annual event that has grown over 7 years to include 220,000 volunteers in 35 states and 40 foreign countries. In 1988, CMC initiated the Marine Debris Database Program, using volunteers to collect data on beach litter. Ms. O'Hara devised standardized forms for data gathering suitable for use by volunteers, thereby improved the utility of the data to both researchers and regulators. In her focused attention to reducing marine debris, she has demonstrated an ability to interact with a wide range of industry, government, and grassroots groups and has become a key source for information about marine debris and Annex V implementation activities in diverse local settings. Ms. O'Hara earned her B.S. degree in Zoology from Duke University and her M.S. degree in Marine Biology at the College of Charleston, South Carolina. Joseph D. Porricelli (deceased) was a co-founder and managing principal of ECO, Inc., where he worked on projects relating to liquified natural gas transportation, deep-water ports, Very Large Crude Carrier operations, mobile offshore drilling units, and port operations. Several projects involved the adaptation

APPENDIX A 261 of waste handling technologies to marine systems. He received a B.S. degree from the U.S. Coast Guard Academy and an M.S.E. degree in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering from the University of Michigan. Mr. Porricelli was a life member of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, a member of numerous professional organizations, and participated in many international marine technical and safety forums. He was a former member of the Marine Board. Richard J. Satava is a senior superintendent for Sea-Land Service's Ship Management group and is responsible for the day-to-day operations of vessels in Sea-Land's Pacific Northwest fleet. In this position, he has been responsible for implementing Annex V on the company's vessels and providing shore-based support for those efforts. He is a master mariner with 15 years in the maritime industry and has had a broad range of experience on vessels of all types, including chemical and oil tankers, freighters, container ships, and bulk carriers. Mr. Satava has been a member of several industry associations, including the American Institute of Merchant Shipping, Pacific Merchant Shipping Association, and the Puget Sound Steamship Operators Association. He also was a partner in an operating shellfish farm, for which he developed the pre- market shellfish purification and packaging standards and procedures. He is a graduate of the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy and holds a current Master's license. N.C. Vasuki is the general manager and chief executive officer of the Delaware Solid Waste Authority and the immediate past international president of the Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA). His professional abilities are put to use at many levels of government, from the local jurisdictions of Delaware to the international plane and the transboundary domains of the SWANA membership. He has earned a reputation for effective implementation of solid waste handling strategies and is a technical leader in the government response to U.S. solid waste disposal problems. Earlier in his career, Mr. Vasuki was responsible for administering Delaware's environmental protection programs. He has served as president of the Chesapeake Water Pollution Control Association, a member of the steering committee for the Governor's Environmental Legacy Program, and a member of the Governor' s Committee on Oil Transportation. He is a diplomate of the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and the author of more than 30 technical publications and one reference book. Mr. Vasuki earned a B.S. degree in Civil Engineering at the National Institute of Engineering in India and an M.S. in Civil Engineering from the University of Delaware. Miranda S. Wecker serves as counsel to the Center for International Environmental Law-U.S., a public interest law organization advocating the development and use of international law to protect the global environment. She also

APPENDIX A 262 directs a consulting company that provides advice on environmental law and policy. From 1985 to 1991, Ms. Wrecker served as associate director and director of policy studies for the Council on Ocean Law (COL), an organization founded to promote U.S. adherence to the Third United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. She regularly served on the U.S. delegation to meetings of the United Nations Environment Program for the Wider Caribbean Region and edited a monthly newsletter on ocean law developments. Ms. Wecker earned her J.D. and an L.L.M. degree in Marine Affairs and Law from the University of Washington in Seattle.

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Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

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