National Academies Press: OpenBook

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea (1995)

Chapter: 10 Federal Action to Improve Implementation of Annex V

« Previous: Research Vessels and Their Ports of Call
Suggested Citation:"10 Federal Action to Improve Implementation of Annex V." National Research Council. 1995. Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/4769.
Page 240

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

FEDERAL ACTION TO IMPROVE IMPLEMENTATION OF ANNEX V 240 10 Federal Action to Improve Implementation of Annex V As the preceding chapters demonstrate, there are many opportunities for action to improve U.S. implementation of MARPOL Annex V. Although many specific actions need to be taken by mariners, ports, and private companies, there is also a critical need for sustained, directed, national leadership to establish nationwide information networks, standards, rules, and regulations. This chapter synthesizes the many components of the committee's analysis to draw overall conclusions and provide recommendations for federal action to improve implementation of Annex V across all fleets. Such action is needed because the U.S. government ratified Annex V without developing a detailed implementation plan. The presentation is organized into six sections, based on themes drawn from Chapter 2, which identified scientific needs, and Chapter 9, which built on Chapters 3-8 to establish objectives and recommend specific tactics for each maritime sector. Chapter 2 demonstrated the need for improved scientific monitoring of the marine environment. Chapter 9 identified a number of topics requiring attention in many if not all maritime sectors: the vessel/shore interface; on-board technology; Annex V enforcement, education and training; and national leadership of Annex V implementation. These six themes provide the framework for the committee's proposed Annex V implementation program. For each thematic area, the committee identified objectives (which are embedded in the conclusions) and the federal agencies that should lead the effort or provide support. The rationale for the selection of the designated agencies is provided. The committee also identified areas where the states, local governments, and private organizations should provide assistance.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans: Controlling Garbage and Plastic Wastes at Sea Get This Book
Buy Hardback | $52.95 Buy Ebook | $42.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Marine debris is a serious environmental problem. To do its part, the United States has agreed to abide by the international treaty for garbage control at sea, known as MARPOL 73/78 Annex V.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans explores the challenge of translating Annex V into workable laws and regulations for all kinds of ships and boats, from cruise ships to fishing crafts and recreational boats. The volume examines how existing resources can be leveraged into a comprehensive strategy for compliance, including integrated waste management systems and effective enforcement.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans describes both progress toward and obstacles to Annex V compliance. The book covers:

  • How shipborne garbage orignates and what happens to garbage discharged into the seas.
  • Effects of discharge on human health, wildlife safety, and aesthetics.
  • Differences in perspective among military, industrial, and recreational seafarers and shoreside facilities.

Clean Ships, Clean Ports, Clean Oceans will be important to marine policymakers, port administrators, ship operations officers, maritime engineers, and marine ecologists.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook,'s online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!